Clear The Confusion: Romania VS Rome
Mabel Fatokun

Clear The Confusion: Romania VS Rome


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  • 238,398 km²

The Long nagging question over the decades has been, “Is Romania a part of Rome, or why does it bear almost the same name?” Some would even ask why “Romania” is so “Roman-like.” These throbbing questions are the reason behind this blog. We will delve into the history of Romania’s Country so that the differences between these two destinations can be seen, as well as their connections.

No, Romania and Rome are not the same nation. Romania is a distinct nation in southeast Europe with its own distinct cultural and historical legacy. In contrast, Rome is the capital of Italy and an ancient city with a rich Roman past. Romania’s rich history has been shaped by various civilizations over millennia. The earliest known inhabitants were the Dacians, a Thracian tribe that established a highly organized state in the first millennium BC.

The question of the Romanians’ origins is addressed by several theories, most of which are highly contradictory. The language of Romania originates from the Vulgar Latin dialects spoken in the Roman provinces situated north of the “Jireček Line,” a hypothetical boundary that divided the Greek-speaking regions of Southeast Europe from the mostly Latin-speaking areas of Late Antiquity. According to the notion of Daco-Roman continuity, Romanians are principally descended from the Daco-Romans. This group originated in the province of Dacia Traiana (mostly in modern-day Romania) north of the Danube through the cohabitation of native Dacians and Roman immigrants. According to the opposing immigrationist view, the ethnogenesis of the Romanian people began in the districts south of the Danube, where indigenous populations had become Romanized and were referred to as Vlachs in the Middle East.

Romania’s name comes from the Roman Empire, which conquered Dacia and annexed it after two wars, leading to the birth of the Romanian people and language. The Roman Empire’s remarkable fortresses, many of which still exist in the Orăștie Mountains, showcase its engineering prowess.

Clear The Confusion: Romania VS Rome

Romania emerged as distinct principalities during the Middle Ages: Wallachia, Moldavia, and Transylvania. Each region had its legends and heroes, with Vlad the Impaler being the most infamous. Romania was caught between powerful empires like the Ottomans and Austrians, with Wallachia and Moldavia being vassals and Transylvania becoming part of the Habsburg Empire. This experience of foreign domination and struggle for autonomy shaped Romanian national identity and unity.

The 19th century was a pivotal period for Romania. The modern state was established in 1859 when Wallachia and Moldavia came together under one ruler. The long-cherished goal of national unification was realised in 1918 when Transylvania, Banat, Bessarabia, and Bukovina decided to join the Kingdom of Romania after World War I.

The term “post-communist Romania” describes the era of Romanian history that started in December 1989, when Nicolae Ceaușescu, the nation’s final Communist leader, was violently overthrown. During this time, Romania made the shift from an authoritarian government and a centrally planned economy to a market-based economy and democratic government.

Romania’s history is a resilient blend of ancient traditions and modern dynamism despite facing numerous challenges. Its rich cultural heritage is a must-see for anyone exploring the heart and soul of Europe.


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