Mabel Fatokun

Micronesia: The Country With Over 1000 Islands


  • 548,144
  • 701.9 km²

Approximately 2,000 tiny islands make up Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania located in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean. Along with the larger group of Austronesian peoples, it shares a close cultural history with three other island regions: Melanesia to the south, Polynesia to the east, and Maritime Southeast Asia to the west.

The majority of popular works have used the term “Micronesia” since 1832, but despite this, the set does not correspond to any geomorphological, archaeological, linguistic, ethnic, or cultural unity; rather, it represents a disparate ensemble lacking any true deep unity. Since the sea-migrating Austronesian people can also include the Polynesian people and the fictitious Australo-Melanesian or “Melanesian people,” the Micronesian people do not actually exist as a subset of these people.

Seasonal northeast trade winds help modify the tropical marine climate in the area. The seasonal change in temperature is minimal. December or January to June is the dry season, and July to November or December is the wet season. Due to the position of certain islands, typhoons can occasionally occur during the rainy season.


The sale of fishing rights to foreign countries that use enormous purse seines to collect tuna is the main source of income for the country. There are still a few Japanese longliners in operation. Because fishing fleets usually set sail with groceries and provisions that are less expensive than local items, the workers of these ships don’t make much of an economic contribution to the community. The extra funding comes from government subsidies, primarily from the US and the $150 million the US put into a trust fund to compensate Bikini Atoll residents who had to relocate due to nuclear testing. Mineralogical resources worth mining are scarce, except for a small amount of high-grade phosphate in Nauru.

Most Micronesian citizens are free to migrate to and work in the US.

The majority of the tourism industry is made up of scuba divers who come to admire the coral reefs, go on wall dives, and explore WWII sunken ships. The main locations for scuba divers are Palau, Chuuk, Yap, and Pohnpei. Several owners of luxury yachts stay in the region for months or even years. They are too few to be considered a significant source of income, though, and they tend to stay mostly at ports of entry.


There is not much crime. There is petty crime, such as break-ins at homes.

There have been reports of physical and sexual assaults against travellers.

Crime is more likely to occur:

  • When drinking alcohol at night in the Chuuk state

To keep oneself safe from criminal activity:

  • Lock up your windows, doors, and gates.
  • Keep your car locked.
  • Don’t walk outside by yourself late at night or early in the morning; avoid remote areas, such as beaches.
  • Rarely does civil unrest occur
  • Large-scale public demonstrations and gatherings have the potential to devolve into violence.
  • Steer clear of rallies and demonstrations.
  • Monitor the news and other sources for information on potential disturbances. Stay away from impacted regions.

Natural disasters and extreme weather are common in the Federated States of Micronesia, including:

  • Tropical storms.
  • typhoons, flooding, earthquakes, and tsunamis
  • To safeguard oneself during a natural disaster:
  • Put your passport in a waterproof, secure location.
  • Observe local authorities’ advice and keep an eye on the media in your area or the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System.
  • Stay in contact with your loved ones.

Regular tremors and earthquakes occur in the Federated States of Micronesia.

Find out from your hotel or host what to do in an earthquake.

Think about the risks of a tsunami when taking precautions against earthquakes.
keep an eye on earthquake data using the US Geological Survey

Following an earthquake:

Prepare for delays, anticipate aftershocks, and modify your travel schedule.
Inquire with your tour operator about any impacted tourist services at your destination.


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